The Ming dynasty, is widely regarded as the peak phase of the stylized modification and advancement of classical Chinese furniture. Ming furniture entails the essences of traditional Chinese furniture design, leading its own way in the world furniture development history. The museum's furniture collection consists mainly of bed frames, chairs, desks, closets, and screens of the second half of Ming dynasty to early Qing, majorities are Zitan (padauk) and Huanghuali (yellow rosewood) furniture.
The Ming literati had participated in the design of Ming style furniture, they took ergonomic consideration into their design. The art of Ming furniture is highly appreciated and respected for its historical and aesthetical value. By using the finest material in the process of furniture making, Ming furniture is simply stylized, masterfully crafted, emancipating its quintessential quality. They are the references in the study of Ming furniture design and the thoughts and ideas of Ming literati. Finely made and luxuriously elegant, the museum’s collection of Ming and Qing furniture encompasses lacquer wood furniture, furniture with ivory, jade, mother-of-pearl inlaid; as well as of those made of other precious materials.